Basic Git commands

Posted by manasvisawant45 on April 6, 2021 11:50 pm

This is important thing in software Development to have knowledge about Basic Git command.

Git TaskCommand
Tell Git who is using Configure the author name and email address to be used with your commits. Note that Git strips some characters (for example trailing periods) from config –global “manoj s”
git config –global
Create a new local repository in local Create new local repogit init
Check out a repositoryCreate a working copy of a local repository:git clone /path/to/repository (C:/myrepo)
For a remote server, use:git clone username@host:/path/to/repository

git clone
Add files in the git repoAdd one or more files to staging (index):git add <filename>  
git add *  

git add file1.txt
Commit the filesCommit changes to head (but not yet to the remote repository):

git commit -m “Commit message”  

git commit -m “ clean up unwanted data”

Commit any files you’ve added with git add, and also commit any files you’ve changed since then:git commit -a
Push to repoSend changes to the master branch of your remote repository:git push origin master
Check StatusList the files you’ve changed and those you still need to add or commit:git status
Connect to a remote repositoryIf you haven’t connected your local repository to a remote server, add the server to be able to push to it:git remote add origin <server>  

git remote add origin
List all currently configured remote repositories:git remote -v
BranchesCreate a new branch and switch to it:git checkout -b <branchname>  

git checkout -b techoceanhub/develop
Switch from one branch to another:git checkout <branchname>  

git checkout techoceanhub/feature
List all the branches in your repo, and also tell you what branch you’re currently in:git branch
Delete the feature branch:git branch -d <branchname>  

git branch -d techoceanhub/feature
Push the branch to your remote repository, so others can use it:git push origin <branchname>    

git push origin techoceanhub/feature
Push all branches to your remote repository:git push –all origin
Delete a branch on your remote repository:git push origin :<branchname>  

git push origin: techoceanhub/feature
how to take latest Update from the remote repositoryFetch and merge changes on the remote server to your working directory:git pull
To merge a different branch into your active branch:git merge <branchname>  

if you are on techoceanhub/develop branch and want to merge feature branch in it.  

git merge  techoceanhub/feature
View all the merge conflicts: View the conflicts against the base file: Preview changes, before merging:git diff git diff –base <filename>
git diff <sourcebranch> <targetbranch>
After you have manually resolved any conflicts, you mark the changed file:git add <filename>
TagsYou can use tagging to mark a significant changeset, such as a release:git tag 1.0.0 <commitID>
CommitId is the leading characters of the changeset ID, up to 10, but must be unique. Get the ID using:git log
Push all tags to remote repository:git push –tags origin
how to Undo local changesIf you mess up, you can replace the changes in your working tree with the last content in head: Changes already added to the index, as well as new files, will be kept.git checkout — <filename>
Instead, to drop all your local changes and commits, fetch the latest history from the server and point your local master branch at it, do this:git fetch origin  
git reset –hard origin/master

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